Research has studied infants’ memory capabilities and other research has studied infants’ ability to discriminate between different emotions, but a study done by BYU combined both ideas to see what effect different emotions had on infants’ memory. The study found that “babies are more likely to remember something if there is a positive emotion, or affect, that accompanies it.”
The experiment consisted of researchers showing infants a shape that was introduced by a happy, neutral, or angry voice. The researchers tested the infants’ memory 5 minutes later and one day later. They tested their memories by showing them the same shape and a new shape side-by-side and measured how long they looked at each shape. They found that infants’ memories didn’t improve when a negative voice was paired with the shape, but were much better at remembering when a positive voice was used.
The researchers believe that this occurs because using a positive voice “heightens the babies’ attentional system and arousal. By heightening those systems, we heighten their ability to process and perhaps remember this geometric pattern.”
So to help your infants’ learn more, make sure to keep their environment and your interactions with them happy and positive.
For more information see: https://news.byu.edu/news/babies-remember-nothin%E2%80%99-good-time-study-says
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A recent study found that cell phones are distractions that can interfere with romantic relationships. The study focused on women in committed relationships and found that 74% reported, “that cell phones detract from their interactions with their spouse or partner.” This “technoference” causes “more conflict about technology, lower relationship quality, lower life satisfaction and [a] higher risk of depression.” A different study referenced in the article “found that serious couple conversations, apologies, and disagreements do more harm than good if not done in person. For relationship quality, the best texting stays positive.”
The study on “technoference” reported these statistics:
- 62% said technology interferes with their free time together.
- 35% say their partner will pull out the phone mid-conversation if they receive a notification.
- 25% said their partner will actively text other people during the couple’s face-to-face conversations.
To alleviate this problem, couples can try the following when they are together.
- Place the phone somewhere else on silent, such as in a purse or on a shelf.
- If you need to check on something legitimately important, provide an explanation first and then check your phone.
- Don’t get defensive when you get called out for technoference – it’s somebody’s way of saying they’d like to connect with you in-person.
Keeping technology under control helps couples focus on face to face interaction, increasing the relationship quality.
For more information see: https://news.byu.edu/news/daily-%E2%80%9Ctechnoference%E2%80%9D-hurting-relationships-study-finds
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A study done by BYU found that siblings might become more different over time as a result of their parents’ beliefs about them and the comparisons they make between them. The study looked at 388 teenage first- and second-born siblings and their parents’ beliefs about them. What they found was most parents believed their oldest did better in school even though most siblings’ achievement was very similar.
“Parents’ beliefs about sibling differences weren’t influenced by past grades, but future grades by the teenagers were influenced by the parents’ beliefs.” There was a 0.21 difference in GPA the following year with the child parents thought was more capable doing better than their sibling. Over the years, this difference can continue, making a bigger impact.
There was one exception to the trend though; if the oldest was a brother and second-born a sister, parents believed their daughter was smarter. This seemed to be true when comparing grades; sisters usually had better grades than their brothers.
To best set our children up for success, “parents should focus on recognizing the strengths of each of their children and be careful about vocally making comparisons in front of them.”
For more information see: https://news.byu.edu/news/parents-comparisons-make-siblings-different
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